The Traditional IRA is an outstanding way to build your retirement fund year by year, and possibly reduce your current tax load as well. Because earnings on the Traditional IRA are tax-deferred and your contributions may be tax-deductible from current-year taxes, your funds accumulate faster than they would in a taxed investment.
As an additional benefit, up to $10,000 lifetime benefit of Roth/Traditional IRA (aggregate) savings may be used, penalty free, for first time home purchases. There is no dollar limit or penalty for withdrawals used for higher education expenses provided the expenses are qualified and the withdrawal does not exceed the qualified expenses in a given year. This would reduce your overall retirement fund, but could save you money in the short-run.
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You must be under age 70½ with earned compensation
Key Tax Advantage1
Tax deferred growth
Maximum Annual Contribution 2023
- Under age 50
$6,500 or 100% of compensation, whichever is less (in aggregate to both a Traditional and a Roth IRA).
- Age 50 and Over
$7,500 or 100% of compensation whichever is less (or aggregate to both a Traditional and a Roth IRA).
Tax Deductible Contributions 2023
Traditional IRA accounts are tax deductible, subject to retirement plan participation status and Maximum Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) limits.
- Full deductibility up to the maximum annual contribution is available to individuals who do participate in an employee sponsored retirement plan and active participants in a retirement plan whose MAGI is $116,000 or less (joint) and $73,000 or less (single); partial deductibility for up to $136,000 MAGI (joint) and $83,000 MAGI (single).
Tax Treatment of Withdrawals
Any earnings and deductible contributions subject to tax upon withdrawal.
10% Early Withdrawal Penalty
Yes, if you are under age 59½ and the withdrawal is not for qualified reasons such as the death or disability of the account owner
Minimum required distributions must start at age 72
- Consult your tax advisor or see IRS Publication 590 for more information.
- Certain distribution requirements will apply after the death of Traditional IRA owner.